In the 1990s, the global victory of liberalism as the blueprint for organizing economic and political life seemed certain. Today it no longer does. Governing elites in Western liberal democracies are concerned about risks posed by a variety of “illiberal populisms.” Transnational coalitions involving Eastern European nationalists and North Atlantic strategists warn that the “international liberal order” is under threat from Russia. And academics are calling for reflection on liberalism’s political failures.
Drawing on ethnographic research on tolerance promotion in Latvia, Dr. Dzenovska argues that these debates fail to consider the specific contours of the “actually existing” political liberalism. Post-Cold War liberalism as a historical formation comes into view most clearly in liberalism’s missionary encounters with people thought to have lost their way as a result of living under “actually existing socialism.” These encounters show the underlying tensions of political liberalism, such as the need to draw boundaries around liberal democratic polities while emphasizing the virtues of inclusion, openness, and tolerance. Ultimately, they reveal the actually existing post-Cold War liberalism to be an ideological formation that misrecognizes itself as a politically neutral set of tools for organizing collective life. (Speaker’s abstract)
Source and further information: MPI for Social Anthropology, Link (17 December 2019)